Located in the central and western part of Shenzhen, Nanshan District is an administrative area adjacent to Futian District in the east, Nantou Anle Village and Chiwei Village in the west, connected to Bao'an District in the west, bordering Baotai District and Longhua District in the north, and Shekou Port, Dachao Island and Neiyu Island in the south. It is adjacent to Shenzhen Bay and Hong Kong Yuen Long in the southeast, and situated across the Pearl River Estuary in the southwest, facing Macau and Zhuhai. The district is 187.47 sq. km. in area with a 43.7 km. long coastline. Nanshan is located in the subtropical zone with a maritime climate, and borders the South China Sea. Its four seasons are warm and humid, and the terrain is high in the north and low in the south. The main peaks include Yangtai Mountain, Tanglang Mountain and Danan Mountain. As of 2016, Nanshan District had 8 streets under its jurisdiction. In 2015, the resident population was 1,912,200. In that year, Nanshan achieved a regional GDP of 371.457 billion yuan and a per capita GDP of 306,091 yuan.
Nanshan is a research, education and sports centre of Shenzhen comprising Shenzhen University, Shenzhen University City, Shenzhen High-tech Industrial Park and Shenzhen Bay Sports Centre. It is rich in tourism resources which include Shenzhen Overseas Chinese Town, Window of the World, Happy Valley, Splendid China, Sea World, Xin'an Ancient City, Qingqing World, Shenzhen Wild Zoo, Nantou Ancient City and other theme parks and famous attractions. In May 2016, the district became the first batch of regional demonstration bases of the State Council. In September 2018, the "White Paper on the Development of China's Top 100 Districts in 2018" was released in Beijing. The white paper was guided by high-quality development and based on statistical data that comprehensively analyzed the development of 968 prefecture-level cities and municipalities across the country. China's top 100 districts were quantitatively selected, among which Nanshan District ranked first.
Nanshan provides convenient transportation with highways including Guangzhou-Shenzhen Expressway, Guangzhou-Shenzhen River Expressway, Shennan Avenue, Nanhai Avenue, Nanshan Avenue, Binhai Avenue, Beihuan Avenue, Shahe West Road, Moon Bay Avenue and Nanping Expressway. Shenzhen Metro Line 1, Line 2, Line 5, Line 7, Line 9, Line 11, and Pingnan Railway pass through Nanshan. In air transportation, there are heliports and Shenzhen International Airport, which is only 10 km. away from Nanshan. Besides, there are dozens of daily flights to and from Shekou to Hong Kong and scheduled flights to Guangzhou, Zhuhai and Zhongshan. Shenzhen Bay Port is located at Dongjiaotou, a port connecting Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Shenzhen. It is located at the junction of “One Country, Two Systems” in the west of Shenzhen. It is also where Mainland China has adopted the “one place and two inspections” operation mode for the first time.
Nanshan is Shenzhen’s Education and Research Base. As of 2015, there were 192 kindergartens and 69 primary and secondary schools at all levels. Among them were 36 primary schools, 32 general secondary schools, 1 secondary vocational school, and 25,128 graduates. In 2015, there were 84 public libraries, and the total collection of public libraries was 1.616 million (pieces). The district had 9 museums and memorial halls at district level or above, and a mass art and cultural museum. There were also 351 community cultural and sports facilities in the district. The famous middle schools in the district are Shenzhen Qianhai School, Shenzhen Shekou School, Shenzhen Nantou Middle School and Shenzhen Yucai Middle School.
In addition, Nanshan is Shenzhen’s tourist base. The main scenic spots include Nantou Ancient City, Tianhou Palace, Xinguo Gongwen Tianxiang Temple, Yuying Hall, Song Shaodi Mausoleum, Liberation Neiyu Island Monument, Chen Yu’s Former Residence, Chiwan Zuo Fort, Zhongshan Park, Chiwan Yandun, Dongguan Hall, and Wang Liu Er Gong. Theme parks include Window of the World, Happy Valley, Sea World, and Splendid China.